Evolution of SIGSAM and ISSAC

Free discussion about the future of SIGSAM and ISSAC.
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zimmerma
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Jun 26, 2024 8:54 am

Evolution of SIGSAM and ISSAC

Post by zimmerma »

Dear all,

I am clearly in favor of Option 3 (ISSAC leaves ACM) at https://sigsam.org/Evolution.html.
The reason is that I am against the "author payer" model that ACM moves into. This model
is what is used by the "predatory" journals (see https://beallslist.net/). It is not a good sign for ACM.

Paul Zimmermann
MEngland
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Jun 26, 2024 10:37 am

Re: Evolution of SIGSAM and ISSAC

Post by MEngland »

I share your concerns about the "author pays" model. But I would note that the ACM's strategy and expectation is that most papers are covered by a "Read and Publish" agreement that is in place with the author's institution. It looks likely that over time most ISSAC authors would be covered by these. Of course, most does not mean all: if there are only a small amount of authors excluded from these then perhaps they could be covered by the ISSAC budget?
Pierre Karpman
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Jun 26, 2024 9:26 am

Re: Evolution of SIGSAM and ISSAC

Post by Pierre Karpman »

I am mostly an outsider to this community, but I too would favour Option 3.
I am also wondering if it could make sense to join another “better” organisation, such as USENIX. I don't have any first-hand experience with it, but it has a clearly-stated and long-standing open-access policy (without APC) for the proceedings of its conferences. Admittedly it is probably a bit far thematically, though one could argue that as “the advanced computing systems association” it is not further removed from ISSAC than the “association for computing machinery”.
rfateman
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Jun 26, 2024 10:20 pm

Re: Evolution of SIGSAM and ISSAC

Post by rfateman »

SIGSAM problems are not just financial.

Executive Summary.
SIGSAM/ISSAC have changed. They concentrate on topics quite specialized
and rather different from their initial missions, and therefore
fail to appeal to their much larger potential audience.

To review briefly:

There are programs that are referred to as Computer Algebra Systems (CAS).
The current Wikipedia article
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_c ... ra_systems
lists 47 of them.

Some in that list are now obsolete, but a few have substantial user
communities. The builders and users of these systems have, in the
past, participated in SIGSAM.


How many users are there? Hundreds of thousands. Potential SIGSAM members.

More details:

Based on download statistics from SourceForge, the latest version of
the system I use most often (Maxima, a free descendant of Macsyma) has
been directly downloaded about 180,000 times between February and June
2024. Indirect downloads from other repositories for Unix systems are
likely. There are competitors, probably with thousands of
downloads.

Also there are too many new and diverse efforts in building free and open
new systems to neatly summarize them here.

There are much large user communities for other CAS, probably largest
Mathematica, Maple, Matlab but they are proprietary systems, and I
could not find a count of users. Perhaps others can add more
information on headcounts.

What can be used as a partial gauge of the community is the size of
the Mathematica stack-exchange site, with about 15,000 visitors, asking
and answering questions. The online Wolfram Community has over 37,000
registered users, and the Wolfram web site claims the company has
nearly 700 employees.

Some CAS are used routinely by large numbers of secondary
school and university students in mathematics and engineering classes.

What does this activity have to do with **today's** SIGSAM?

Very little.

The SIGSAM publication system has been incrementally diverted from its
initial domain of system building, algorithms and tools for use in
scientific computing: applied mathematics, engineering, physical
sciences, biology, etc.

It has been refocused as a target for publication of papers that
consist mostly of application of computers to tasks in pure
mathematics. These tasks are typically of very specialized interest,
in contrast to content of earlier years.

Most of the ISSAC papers are also too specialized to have broad appeal
in the world of symbolic computation.

While SIGACT may appear to the SIGSAM leadership to be the closest
other SIG to current SIGSAM activity, if there is to be a return
to the topic of building and using software, SIGACT is probably not
the place to sit. Although we could point to numerous SIG overlaps,
SIGPLAN and SIGNUM might be congenial partners.

Looking outside ACM, a match to interests of members may be with SIAM
SIAG/CSE. Decoding the acronyms: Society for Industrial and Applied
Mathematics, SIAM Activity Group on Computational Science and
Engineering.

For the computer-system savvy researcher it is easy enough to publish
a paper using Arxiv, or a source-code hosting site like Github or
SourceForge. These are not peer reviewed, but there may be other
mechanisms for collaborative quality filters. Consider the impact of
various discussion forums (compare to Yelp!) This is not the forum to
address these larger issues, except to note that the idea that authors
should pay for publication is problematical.

What is, for me, specifically a problem for SIGSAM and ISSAC: the lack of
relevance of papers that are published.

SIGSAM has lost its mojo. Can it be re-animated? If so, would this alleviate
the financial crunch? How might we best proceed?

Richard Fateman

(I was SIGSAM chair 1983-85. I'm an emeritus professor and former
chair of Computer Science at UC Berkeley.)
afkafkafk13
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Jun 26, 2024 12:02 pm

Re: Evolution of SIGSAM and ISSAC

Post by afkafkafk13 »

Pleaes allow me to contribute the point of view of Fachgruppe Computeralgebra, Germany.

The current discussion on the future of ISSAC and SIGSAM and the policy changes of ACM has spawned a discussion on this point among the members of the steering committee of the Fachgruppe Computeralgebra in Germany. We would like to summarize the resulting point of view as follows:

A) The status of 'sponsored by' has severe disadvantages in the context of the German law (similar observations may hold in some other countries, but we did not investigate this). In particular, such a conference cannot benefit from the facilities of the hosting university at the same, very favorable terms as a scientific event with the status 'in cooperation with'. These less favorable terms alone lead to an increase in costs and effort for the organizers of the conference, which in turn will necessitate an increase in registration fees. These drawbacks drastically decrease the probability of future bids from Germany, while, on the other hand, we all would like to continue the tradition of hosting ISSAC in Germany every once in a while.

B) Former organizers of ISSAC conferences in Germany (Munich 2010, Kaiserslautern 2017) pointed out that from their experience with ACM as ISSAC proceedings series publisher and with other publishers of other conference proceedings, they would not see a huge difference in quality and thus they would not see the difference in cost justified.

Overall, this leads the steering comittee of Fachgruppe to consider option (3) as the only one, in which from our point of view the advantages outweigh the disadvantages.

Anne Frühbis-Krüger
Sprecherin der Fachgruppe Computeralgebra, Germany
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